What is a Tandoor
What is aTandoor
A tandoor is a cylindrical clay or metal oven that is commonly used in South Asian, Central Asian, and Middle Eastern cuisine to cook various types of food, including bread, meat, and vegetables. The oven is heated by charcoal or wood fire, and the food is cooked at high temperatures by being placed inside the tandoor.
Tandoors are often used to cook breads such as naan, which is a type of flatbread that is popular in South Asian cuisine. The bread is stuck to the inside wall of the tandoor using a special paddle, and is cooked at high temperatures until it is puffy and lightly charred.
Tandoors are also used to cook meat dishes such as tandoori chicken, which is marinated in a mixture of yogurt and spices before being placed in the tandoor to cook. The high heat of the tandoor oven cooks the chicken quickly, giving it a tender and juicy texture with a slightly smoky flavor.
Overall, tandoors are an important part of the culinary tradition in many parts of the world, and are prized for their ability to cook food quickly and impart a unique flavor to dishes cooked inside them.
History of tandoor
The tandoor has a long and fascinating history that dates back thousands of years. The earliest evidence of tandoor use comes from the Indus Valley Civilization, which existed in the Indian subcontinent from around 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE. Archaeological excavations of the site have revealed the presence of large brick ovens that are thought to have been used for baking bread.
Over time, the tandoor evolved into a portable oven that was used by nomadic tribes in Central Asia and the Middle East to cook food while on the move. The oven was typically made of clay, and could be easily transported from place to place. The tandoor became an important part of the culinary traditions of these regions, and is still used extensively today. In India, the tandoor has played an important role in the development of the country's cuisine. It is believed that the tandoor was introduced to India by the Mughal Empire, which ruled the Indian subcontinent from the early 16th century until the mid-19th century. The Mughals were known for their lavish feasts, and the tandoor was an important tool for preparing the elaborate dishes that were served at these events.
Today, the tandoor is a ubiquitous feature of South Asian, Central Asian,and Middle Eastern cuisine, and is used to cook a wide variety of dishes. It remains an important part of the culinary heritage of these regions, and is valued for its ability to cook food quickly and impart a unique flavor to dishes cooked inside it. Wikipedia has a article related to tandoor for more information. You can go for it here.
Some popular dishes made by using tandoor are as
Types of tandoor
A tandoor is a traditional cylindrical clay oven that is commonly used for baking, grilling, and roasting in South Asian and Middle Eastern cuisine. Here are some types of tandoors:
1. Clay Tandoor
This is the most common type of tandoor, which is made of clay and heated by charcoal or wood. The walls of the tandoor absorb heat and release it slowly, which makes it ideal for cooking bread and meats.
2. Stainless Steel Tandoor
This type of tandoor is made of stainless steel, which makes it durable and easy to clean. It is heated by gas, electricity or charcoal and is commonly used in restaurants and hotels.
3. Copper Tandoor
Copper tandoors are known for their excellent heat retention properties. They are also aesthetically pleasing, but they are more expensive than clay or stainless steel tandoors.
4. Portable Tandoor
These are small-sized tandoors that are designed for home use. They can be easily moved around and are great for outdoor cooking.
5. Gas Tandoor
This type of tandoor is heated by gas, making it convenient and easy to use. It is commonly used in homes and restaurants and is ideal for cooking tandoori dishes quickly.
6. Electric Tandoor
Electric tandoors are similar to gas tandoors but are heated by electricity. They are easy to use and maintain, and are often used in homes and small restaurants.
what is a tandoor used for
A tandoor is a traditional cylindrical clay oven that is commonly used in South Asian, Central Asian, and Middle Eastern cuisines. It is typically heated with charcoal or wood, and is used for a variety of cooking methods such as baking, roasting, and grilling.
In particular, tandoors are famous for their ability to cook naan bread, which is placed directly on the inner walls of the oven and cooked until it becomes crispy and delicious. Tandoors are also commonly used to cook other types of bread, such as tandoori roti, paratha, and kulcha.
Additionally, tandoors can be used to cook marinated meats, such as chicken and lamb, that have been skewered and placed inside the oven. The intense heat of the tandoor quickly cooks the meat, creating a delicious smoky flavor and a crispy exterior. All your favourite kababs are also cooked using the tandoor, some of the popular kebab are Chicken banjara kabab, Chicken Seekh kabab, Gilafi kebab, Pahadi kabab and Vegetable Seekh kabab.
Overall, tandoors are an essential tool in many cuisines, and are prized for their ability to impart unique flavors and textures to a wide range of dishes.
Tandoor temperature for kebab and roti
The ideal temperature for cooking kebabs in a tandoor oven is between 350°C to 400°C (662°F to 752°F). This high temperature allows for quick cooking and gives the kebabs a charred exterior while keeping the inside juicy and tender.
Roti, on the other hand, is usually cooked at a lower temperature than kebabs, between 200°C to 250°C (392°F to 482°F). This allows the bread to cook through evenly without burning or drying out.
It's important to note that different tandoor ovens may have slightly different temperature ranges, so it's always best to follow the manufacturer's instructions or use a thermometer to ensure the temperature is correct for the specific dish you're cooking.
What is tandoori flavour
Tandoori flavor is characterized by a distinctive, smoky and mildly spicy flavor. It is typically associated with dishes that are cooked in a tandoor. The tandoori flavor is achieved by marinating meats, such as chicken, lamb, or fish, in a mixture of yogurt and spices, including cumin, coriander, turmeric, paprika, and cayenne pepper. The marinated meats are then cooked in the tandoor, which gives them a smoky, charred flavor. Tandoori flavor is also used to describe a variety of other dishes, such as tandoori naan (a type of bread), tandoori paneer (a type of cheese), and tandoori vegetables.
what is the difference between tandoor and oven
Tandoor and oven are both cooking appliances that are used to cook food, but there are some differences between the two:
- Design: A tandoor is a cylindrical clay oven, traditionally used in Indian, Pakistani, and Middle Eastern cuisine, while an oven is a box-like structure made of metal and often found in modern kitchens.
- Heat source: The heat source in a tandoor is usually charcoal or wood, which is placed at the bottom of the oven. In contrast, an oven is heated by electricity or gas. heat source in a tandoor is usually charcoal or wood, which is placed at the bottom of the oven. In contrast, an oven is heated by electricity or gas.
- Temperature: Tandoors can reach much higher temperatures than ovens. They can often reach temperatures of 900°F or more, which is much higher than most conventional ovens.Tandoors can reach much higher temperatures than ovens. They can often reach temperatures of 900°F or more, which is much higher than most conventional ovens.
- Cooking style: Tandoors are typically used to cook food using direct heat, which gives food a unique smoky flavor and charred texture. Ovens, on the other hand, can be used to cook food using both direct and indirect heat, allowing for a wider range of cooking styles. Tandoors are typically used to cook food using direct heat, which gives food a unique smoky flavor and charred texture. Ovens, on the other hand, can be used to cook food using both direct and indirect heat, allowing for a wider range of cooking styles.
- Food types: Tandoors are primarily used to cook bread, such as naan and tandoori roti, as well as meats like chicken, lamb, and fish. Ovens, on the other hand, can be used to cook a wider variety of foods, including cakes, casseroles, and roasted vegetables. such as naan and tandoori roti, as well as meats like chicken, lamb, and fish. Ovens, on the other hand, can be used to cook a wider variety of foods, including cakes, casseroles, and roasted vegetables.
Overall, while both tandoors and ovens are used for cooking food, they have some significant differences in design, heat source, temperature, cooking style, and the types of food they are best suited for.
More items made with tandoor are