Missi roti

 Missi roti ( Punjabi missi roti)

Missi roti is a popular Indian flat bread  made with whole wheat flour (atta), gram flour (besan) and other herbs and spice powder. Herbs like ginger, green chilli, fenugreek leaves and cilantro leaves are used to  flavour this roti.

Serving Missi roti with onion, green chilli and dal in background

It is a household name in Punjab and Rajasthan.  In Punjab this roti is generally cooked in a charcoal tandoor, which makes it crisp and light brown. Due to uses of chilli this roti is little bit spicy in taste and can be served with dal and other curries as well.

You can easily make this roti at home like restaurant or dhaba style. The main ingredients are wheat flour, gram flour, onion and chilli.

To give it a restaurant style flavour use dry Fenugreek leaves and hing powder. The use of hing powder is totally optional but it can enhance the taste to double.

What is Missi roti ?

Missi roti is a spicy flatbread of North Indian cuisines made by using whole wheat flour and chickpeas flour along with spices like chilli, coriander, ajwain and onion. It is cooked over charcoal tandoor till become crisp golden. So it can be defined as a crisp spicy flatbread made with whole wheat flour and gram flour with spices.

Ingredients required to make Missi roti

Flour :  Whole wheat flour (atta) is the main ingredients. Sometimes very small amount of maida is also added, which is optional.

Besan : Chickpeas flour or gram flour is another main ingredients.

Carom seeds : small amount of ajwain is added as a digestive agent.

Onion : finely chopped onion are added in dhaba style Missi roti.

Green chilli : you can either use chopped or paste green chilli.

Haldi powder : turmeric powder is mainly used to give the nice yellow color.

Coriander seeds : another essential ingredient. Crused coriander seeds gives a nice flavour.

Fenugreek leaves : a small pinch of crushed Fenugreek leaves can also enhance the flavour.

Coriander leaves : finely chopped fresh cilantro leaves

Other ingredients : salt, ghee, cooking oil

Benefits of Missi roti

  • Besan also known as chickpea flour or gram flour in this roti has some wonderful health benefits. And one of this benefits is weight loss.
  • Besan helps in faster calorie burn in the body due to the lower levels of glycemic index.
  • Eating Missi roti will boost the fat burning and increase nutritional level. Including in diet will reduce calorie intake in a day.

Tips to make best Missi roti

  • Use 2 : 1 ratio of wheat flour and gram flour.
  • Use crushed coriander seeds to increase the flavour.
  • Use carom seeds (ajwain) for a balanced digestion.
  • Use ghee instead of butter for traditional flavour.
If you take equal or more quality of besan to make the dough then the resulting dough will become more sticky to hands as well as to the rolling pin.

You can either cook this roti using a iron tawa or a pan. The best way to cook a Missi roti is using a charcoal tandoor.
Another way to cook it is over the direct gas flame like we make phulka roti.

Steps to make the recipe

Dough making

Take atta in a mixing bowl and add besan, chopped onions, chopped chilli, chopped ginger, turmeric powder, crushed coriander seeds, carom seeds, hing powder, salt and chopped coriander leaves.

Wheat flour, besan, chopped onion, chilli, turmeric powder coriander leaves for Missi roti dough

Pour water slowly and start to knead slowly. Make a soft palpable dough like chapati. 

Grease some oil and knead further for 2 minutes. Cover and set aside for 10 min to set.

Missi roti dough


Now divide the dough into equal parts. Dust them with some wheat flour and roll between the palm of hands to make round shaped balls.

Round shaped Missi roti dough balls

Take one ball and dust with some flour on both sides. Press slightly and roll using a roller pin into a 5 to 6 inch diameter round shaped roti.

Rolling Missi roti with a roller pin


Heat a tawa or pan over medium heat flame fire. When it become hot place the rolled roti over it.

When some tiny small bubbles start to rise over the surface of the roti, flip it to another side. 

Cooking and roasting Missi roti on a pan

Cook for sometime and apply some ghee or butter over it and flip.

Similarly apply ghee or butter on the other side and flip.

Cook the roti on both sides till become light brown on both sides.

Light brown cooked Missi roti on pan

Remove and keep in a roti basket or serve hot immediately.

Cook the rest of the roti like this way.

Missi roti in a plate topping with a butter cube, onion green chili and dal in background

Tandoori Missi roti

Use of tandoor is very common in Punjabi households. They cook this roti in tandoor which makes it more crisp and easily digestible.

To make roti in a tandoor the dough should be little soft and smooth compare to regular chapati dough. Rotis are flatten by the palm of hands so the dough need to be soft. Ingredients remains same. The roti are roasted over medium heat charcoal fire till crisp golden.

Cooking or roasting two Missi roti in a charcoal tandoor till crisp golden

For more Indian flat bread roti and paratha recipes

Missi roti recipe

Serving Missi roti in a plate, onion , green chili and dal in background

Missi roti is a popular Indian flat breads made by using whole wheat flour with chickpea flour (besan) and other herbs and spices. It is little bit spicy and can be served with dal or any other curries.

Prep time 10 min, cook time 10 min, serve 3

Author : Mobasir hassan


  • 2 cup whole wheat flour (Atta)
  • 1 cup Bengal gram flour (besan)
  • 1 onion finely chopped
  • 3 green chili finely chopped
  • 1/2 inch ginger finely chopped
  • 1 tablespoon crushed coriander seeds
  • 1/3 tablespoon carom seeds (ajwain)
  • 1/4 tablespoon turmeric powder
  • 1/4 tablespoon kastoori methi 
  • 1/4 tablespoon salt or as per taste
  • Small pinch of hing powder
  • 1/3 cup coriander leaves finely chopped
  • 2 tablespoon cooking oil
  • Butter or ghee for roasting
  • Water as required

Making the dough for roti
  1. Take 2 cup wheat flour in a mixing bowl. Add 1 cup besan and the remaining ingredients chopped onions, chopped green chillies, ginger, coriander seeds, carom seeds, turmeric powder, kastoori methi, hing powder, coriander leaves and salt.
  2. Mix everything nicely and then pour water slowly. Start to make a soft and palpable dough like chapati.
  3. Grease the with 2 tablespoon cooking oil and knead again for 2 minutes. Cover and set aside for 10 min to set 
Making dough ball and rolling
  1. Divide the dough into equal parts and roll between the palm of hands to make round shaped balls. Dust them with flour while making the balls.
  2. Take one dough ball and dust them with flour and roll using a roller pin.
  3. Roll the dough for around 6 inch in diameter round shaped roti.
Cooking Missi roti
  1. Heat a tawa or a pan over medium heat flame. When it become hot , place the rolled Missi roti over it.
  2. When small bubbles start to rise on the surface flip it to another side and roast.
  3. Apply some butter or ghee on the surface and flip again. Similarly apply butter or ghee to the other side and flip.
  4. Roast the Missi roti till light brown on both sides.
  5. Remove and keep in a roti basket or serve immediately. Similarly roll and  cook the rest of Missi roti.

Missi roti recipe video

                                  Nutritional value
                                  (serving size 45 g )
  • Calorie : 154 
  • Fats : 1 g
  • Protein : 7 g
  • Carbohydrate : 30 g

                                  Recipe notes
  • You can make this recipe vegan by not using ghee, butter and hing powder.

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